Speech & Language disorders// services of Speech therapy department in CMC

1-Language disorders

Can be either receptive or expressive or mixed:

Receptive disorders: difficulty understanding or processing language.

Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.

Language disorders are mostly seen in cases with Autism- Down Syndromeand Mental retardation and others.

2- Articulation disorders& phonological processes:

Difficulty producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly, to the point that listeners can’t understand what’s being said.

3- Hearing impairments: causes delay in language development. Aural rehabilitation for children who had Cochlear implant or hearing aids

4- Fluency disorders:

Problemsin speech speed rate, such as Cluttering and stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, partial-word repetitions (“b-b-boy”), or prolonging sounds and syllables (sssssnake).

5- Voice disorders:

adults or children may suffer of problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what’s being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for the person when speaking.(for example Aphonia- Dysphonia caused by vocal nodules or polyps)

6- Auditory Processing Disorders:

Difficulty in the ability to attend to, process, comprehend, retain, respond to, or integrate spoken language.

7- Apraxia/Varbal and Oral:

Verbal Apraxia is a speech disorder characterized by difficulty combining the movements necessary to produce speech.

Oral Apraxia: the child is unable to coordinate and/or initiate movement of their jaws, lips or tongue on command.

8- Dysphagia/feeding disorders in both oral and pharyngeal stages:

Includes problems with chewing, swallowing, coughing, gagging, and refusing foods.

9- Resonance Disorders:

Birth defects such as cleft lip and/or cleft palate

10- Traumatic brain injury and CVAs:

Causing Aphasia or Dysarthria

11- Social communication disorders:

Such as Bilingualism and Selective mutism,  where the child refuses to communicate verbally with some strangers.

12- Parents Training

Parent’s participation in the therapeutic process is very important. Parents need to carry out and generalize the skills been mastered in speech therapy sessions.

13- Participating in many society events to rise up awareness about Speech & Language disorders and how to deal with them.