Overview of photoprotection methods

Author:  Evgeniya Shelemba, Dermatologist M.D.,

Canadian Medical Center

It is a well-known fact, that sunlight causes acute and long-term adverse effects, including photoaging and skin cancer. The side effects of sunbathing have been so widely discussed in social media, that many people start feeling uncomfortable in the sun while being lost in a vast variety of sun protective products.
So, let’s overview some traditional as well as newest methods of skin protection from UV radiation and go over some tips to optimize compliance with sun protection techniques.
Photoprotection should be a complex set of measures.
First and most important, is to cover up your skin with special clothes and hats, especially during hours when sun is most strong (from 11 to 15 p.m.) When choosing your sun wardrobe, you should pay attention to the UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) rating, which is like SPF. The higher the UPF number, the greater degree of UV protection a garment offers. Clothing that does the best job carries UPF rating from 15 (good) to 50+ (excellent). When I go out in the sun, I usually wear a denim shirt from a densely woven fabric and a densely woven hat with a brim which is at least 7 cm wide to provide a proper shading for my face.
In addition to wide‐brimmed hats and photoprotective clothing, sunglasses also protect eyes and eyelids from UV light, preventing the development of various ocular disorders. Sunglass lenses should fit close to the face, not touch the eyelashes, hug the temples, and merge into broad temple arms. Darker lenses do not necessarily filter more UV light and can trigger pupillary dilation which allows unfiltered wavelengths of UV and visible light to reach the retina. Orange and yellow lenses provide the best protection from both UV and visible light, with blue and purple lenses providing insufficient protection.
Second and most common way of sun protection are sunscreen creams. Today, most sunscreens are composed of combinations of organic chemicals to absorb UV light (padimate, oxybenzone), inorganic chemicals to filter and reflect UV light as a mirror (titanium dioxide, zinc oxide), and newer organic particles to both absorb and reflect UV light (Parsol, Tinosorb, Uvinul).
Unfortunately, these products cause most resistance to use in everyday skincare routine, because, according to some feedbacks from patients, SPF creams “cause breakouts, make skin greasy, shiny and don’t let make up apply smoothly”. Still, I insist on using sunscreens on a daily basis, because they are one of the most important antiaging tools.
Here are some tips on how to make sunscreens work in your everyday life. Use sunblock cream as a primer – some of them can be a great base for makeup. Apply your skincare products in layers and take your time.
General recommendation is to use 2 mg of sun protection cream per squared cm of sun-exposed skin. It is approximately a teaspoon (not less!) of a product that should be spread over your face, neck and around eyes. Apply sunblock as a medicine – don’t mix it with other products, such as moisturizer or foundation and don’t be misguided that foundation, BB cream or powder with SPF will provide you with a proper sun protection – these products can be used additionally to sunblock. And it is better to use a tinted sunscreen, then to rely on tinted moisturizer or BB cream as on a sunscreen.

One more common question: cream with which SPF should I use? It is generally recommended to use SPF that generally carries an SPF of at least 30. So does that mean that SPF 60 is twice as protective or lasts twice as long? No, because an SPF of 30, when applied in the appropriate amount, will block out around 97% of the UVB rays from the sun and as you go up from there, you see a very small difference (about 98% with SPF 50 and still under 99% with SPF 75).
There is no way to block out 100% of sun rays with sunscreen, but luckily, researchers have come up with a natural oral supplement that can be an additional measure for protecting skin from the harmful effects of sun exposure. Polypodium leucotomas is a South American species of fern and growing evidence indicates that oral administration of P. leucotomos extract in capsules twice daily can provide effective protection against solar UV radiation. These beneficial effects have been attributed to potent antioxidants, such as coumaric, vanillic, caffeic and ferulic acids that decrease damage by DNA by sunlight.
Antioxidants can be applied directly to the skin. In our clinic, we offer a wide range of procedures, such as mesotherapy and biorevitalisation, which is putting complexes of vitamins, plant extracts, amino acids in the deeper layers of skin, to slow down the photo ageing. And the existing hyperpigmentation can be removed with peelings and laser technologies.

Six skin care tips and the right anti-aging techniques

How important is skin care not only to women but also with men? The skin is the largest organ of the body and actually covers our entire body. There is a purpose why it is covering our body and that is to protect our internal organs from infections. That is why it is important that we take care of our skin. Healthy skin also makes one look and feel young. This  mindset affects one’s entire well being ,thus, promoting good health.

Six skin care tips from the experts

Proper skin care  promotes healthy skin. Here are six basic skin care routine from the experts:

  1. Follow this skin care routine daily: cleanser, toner, serum and moisturizer. Serum is a very good skin smoothener and makes the skin bouncy. Moisturizer seals and locks all these in your skin.
  2. In an arid and dry country like UAE it is a must to use sunscreen to protect our skin from the rays of the sun. UVA rays can penetrate through windows like inside cars. Fluorescent light bulbs emits low levels UVA light. Replace your moistuirzer in the morning and use SPF cream instead. Choose SPF creams  that has moisturizers to avoid drying up in the daytime. Use moisturizers at night.
  3. The hands shows the most obvious signs of aging. Always carry hand cream in your bag and to apply most especially after washing your hands.
  4. Don’t forget moisturizing and protecting your lips. Always carry lip balm with moisturizers with you to make it always smooth and supple.
  5. The eyes also shows visible aging. Use an eye serum and apply it like ironing out wrinkles from your clothes. Veritcal strokes and then horizontal. Under the eye, hold the skin taut and apply in zigzag strokes.
  6. Hydrate and retreat 8-8 rule of thumb. Drink at least 8 glasses of water and sleep at least 8 hours at night.

However, today free radicals are everywhere and the issues around our ozone layer, basic skin care is not evnough. It needs to be supplemented by science and technology.

Cosmetology is a professional practice of beautifying the skin, hair and the face. It is practiced either by a cosmetics doctor or a certified skin specialist.

Anti-aging techniques and procedures

Cosmetic dermatology services are offered in many hospitals and clinics in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah. Anti-aging procedures requires maintenance and regular visits to maximize the benefits of cosmetic dermatology. Find a dermatologist near you to make it easy for you to visit your cosmetics doctor regularly.

proper skin care tips and anti-aging

These are some anti-aging procedures that can supplement your skin care routines and can delay aging:

 

  1. Botox ™ and fillers – Botox ™ is an injectable drug that reduce fine wrinkles and lifts parts of the face such as the brows, eyes and even the neck. Fillers are also injectable drugs use to smoothen  the skin and remove visible scars. The fillers makes the eyes, nose, neck ,  chin and lips puffed up for a more youthful face.

 

  1. Thread lifting – is a non-surgical procedure that uses barbed sutures to lift the skin under the face and neck. Absolutely no stiches, heals faster and definetly costs less than plastic surgery.

 

  1. Platelet-Rich Plasma or PRP – more famously known as the vampire face lift. Because the fictional creature is forever young and sexy. The procedure begins with drawing your own blood samples and extracting platelet –rich plasma from a laboratory. These platelets are then injected. PRP is extremely beneficial for  removing dark circles under the eye, wrinkles, hyper-pigmentation,  acne scars, rejuvenates the skin and treats hair loss or thining.

 

  1. Mesotherapy – is a cosmetology procedure that injects tiny vitamins and minerals in the skin to remove wrinkles, repair sun-damage skin and rejuvenates skin.

 

  1. Microneedling – is a non-surgical procedure that distributes radio frequency (RF) incorporated through tiny needles to induce collagen production. Collagen makes the skin elastic and youthful.

 

  1. Chemical Peeling – is a procedure that uses chemical to peel the outer layer (can be deeper depends on the type of peeling) to unveil new skin. To know what are the safe and the best for you, please see our Peeling section of this website.

 

  1. Non-surgical face lifting and skin tightening – Ultheraphy® is the first procedure of its kind which is non-surgical face and neck lift. Visit our Ultheraphy® page for more information.

Time is gold now is the time

There is no right time to start anti-aging the earlier the better. Best to start in your twenties. This is due to the changing environment and our  use of technology (computers, laptops, mobile phones) makes us prone to early aging. Find a dermatologist near you today and include cosmetic dermatology in your anti-aging technique. But be sure that you select only the qualified cosmetic doctor and skin specialist.

Book and appointment with any of our HAAD, DHA and MOH certified cosmetics dermatologist and skin specialists today.